wnol.info June 23 2018

Mechanism in place to respond to Nipah virus: MoH

June 23 2018, 04:23 | Rex Rios

Nipah Virus: Odisha govt takes precautionary measures

Nipah death toll in India hits 12 as CEPI funds vaccine efforts

The officials mentioned as of now that the virus Nipah doesn't come from the bats.

"There is no need to panic, but if you have symptoms similar to this or if you have visited the state recently, visit a doctor at the earliest", Suranjit Chatterjee, Senior Consultant - Internal Medicine at the Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, told IANS.

Ensure that containers for sharps objects are placed as close as possible to the immediate area where the objects are being used (point of use') to limit the distance between use and disposal, and ensure the containers remain upright at all times, the advisory said.

Director of public health department, Dr Karma Lhazeen, said the ministry takes the Nipah virus outbreak in the neighbouring country as a public health emergency because the virus has high mortality rate.

Its natural host are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family, and it was first identified just 20 years ago in 1998 when an outbreak occurred in Kampung Sungai Nipah in Malaysia. Nipah virus has killed at least 11 people in the region, with at least 25 more hospitalised.

Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly-emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in animals and humans.

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However, if travellers wished to be extra cautious, they may avoid the four districts - Kozhikode, Malappuram, Wynad and Kannur, it said. The latest victim, Ebin from Palazhi, who was battling the virus in a private hospital in Kozhikode passed away on Sunday afternoon. After reviewing the cases of all the patients who have lost their lives, the central high-level team of NCDC on Thursday in an official statement said that the Nipah virus disease is not a major outbreak and is only a local occurrence.

There is no vaccine for the virus, carried by fruit bats, and the only treatment is supportive care. Currently, there is no known treatment against the virus, which proved fatal in 70% of recorded cases. Most of the people who were under observation were discharged after their blood samples turned negative.

Nipah virus is a rather lethal disease.

In a related development, a police probe, initiated to find out the travel itinerary of the virus' first victim Sabith, found out that he never visited Malaysia but had been in the United Arab Emirates, from where he had returned in October a year ago. So far, it is believed that the two known strains of Nipah virus are both not easily transmitted.

A worldwide coalition set up a year prior to battle plagues has struck a $25 million manage two USA biotech organizations to quicken take a shot at an immunization against the cerebrum harming Nipah infection.

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