It is estimated that at least 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone some form of FGM, according to the UN. In Osun state, however, despite a 2004 state ban, 76.6% of women and girls are undergoing the cut, according to the 2013 Demographic and Health survey (DHS).
"At the worldwide level, together with the United Nations, we have launched an unprecedented initiative the Spotlight Initiative to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls". Where medical professionals come together to oppose the practice and refuse to perform it.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines FGM as comprising all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
"Around the world, momentum to eliminate female genital mutilation is building". Type 4 FGM which includes pricking, piercing or cauterization also exists in some regions, the study stated.
The causes of female genital mutilation include a mix of cultural, religious and social factors within families and communities. Brought out by a network of survivors "We Speak Out" and Nari Samta Manch, the study is based on interviews with 94 people (83 women and 11 men).
The Modi government's opposing stands on triple talaq and female genital mutilation (FGM) reek of doublespeak, women campaigning against the horrific tradition said Monday as they released the first national study on female circumcision. Communities and countries that confront the harmful practice and commit to changing it reap commensurate benefits.
"It also requires policy and legal reforms that support gender equality, the empowerment of women and girls, and respect for their human rights". -- Key findings • Girls subjected to khafd or FGM/C are usually about seven years old • Khafd or FGM/C was remembered as a painful experience by 97% of women in the study, who reported painful urination, physical discomfort, difficulty walking and bleeding immediately following the procedure.
It also noted that no form of the practice exists in Saudi Arabia and issued a fatwa making FGM/C haram.
- FGM is known to be prevalent in almost 30 African countries, Yemen, Iraqi Kurdistan and Indonesia. The Ministry will increase collaboration with the Ministry of Health, Foreign Affairs, Interior and Regional Integration to sensitize and educate citizens from the border areas and neighbouring countries through their Embassys and or High Commissions.
This latest funding has been awarded through the Population Council's "Evidence to End FGM/C" research programme, part of the Department for International Development's flagship "Towards Ending FGM/C in Africa and Beyond" project.
The practice is widespread in Africa and the Middle East but global efforts have led to bans in 18 countries including Egypt.